The purpose of this bill is to create the Oil and Gas Royalty Payment and Transparency Act of 2016. The bill provides methods of ensuring transparency in determining the amount paid to a royalty owner by requiring certain items be present on the check stub provided at the time of payment. The bill defines terms. The bill provides for an escalation in certain circumstances. The bill provides a general rule for the accumulation of proceeds from production. The bill requires the timely payment of royalties. The bill requires oil and gas producers to report to the Department of Environmental Protection on a quarterly basis all production data. The bill requires the Department of Environmental Protection to collect all quarterly production data and organize such data so that the public may readily avail themselves of the information. The bill resolves conflicts between division orders and leases. The bill provides for rule-making.